What Is Cerebral Palsy (CP)?
Cerebral palsy (CP) is an incurable disorder of brain development, generally manifesting by the age of 3. It leads to various signs and symptoms, including difficulties in controlling movement (i.e. dysfunction in coordination, precision, and posture, spasticity/”stiff or tight muscles and exaggerated reflexes”, changes in muscle tone or reflexes, weakness, shaking/tremor).
Patients with cerebral palsy may experience pain (often as a result of stiff muscles), incontinence, sleepdisturbance, developmental, hearing, speech and vision impairments, and other signs and symptoms. 35%-50% of children with cerebral palsy develop seizure disorders. While the damage to the brain which causes cerebral palsy does not generally worsen or improve over time, signs and symptoms may change.
The exact cause of cerebral palsy in each individual case is somewhat unknown, although there are strong probable causes such as bleeding in the brain, lack of oxygen delivery to the brain, damage as a result of trauma, and infections.